Common Agricultural Policy
IFA engages with all European political institutions and organisations to ensure strong representation of Irish farmers’ interests in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
Discussions on the next CAP (post-2020) are ongoing. IFA’s position is that an overall improvement in farm income levels is necessary through direct support; targeted measures for investment and efficiency; generational renewal; and the strengthening of farmers’ position in the food supply chain – read more about our key priorities for CAP 2020
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was the first building block in establishing the ‘Common Market’ which over time has been transformed into the EU we have today. Over the years, the CAP has been fundamentally reformed, from a system based primarily on price and market supports to a decoupled direct payment system.
The key elements of the current CAP Programme 2014 – 2020 include:
- A Basic Payment applied at farm level on the basis of the new internal convergence model with variable greening which will involve some re-distribution of the Basic Payment on a phased basis;
- 2% of the Basic Payment will be allocated to young farmers to provide a 25% top-up, and an allocation of 3% for the National Reserve. Farmers with low payments will be moved up to a minimum of 60% of the national average;
- An agri-environment scheme (GLAS) with a payment of up to €5,000 per annum for 50,000 farmers;
- A new Suckler payment (Beef Data and Genomics Programme) worth €52m per annum;
- A Capital Investment Programme (TAMS) for all sectors to cover infrastructure and equipment, and supporting on-farm efficiency and expansion, particularly in the context of the abolition of dairy quotas;
- €195m funding for Disadvantaged Areas, to be known as Areas of Natural Constraint (ANC);
- A coupled payment for protein crops;
- A Sheep Grassland Payment of €13m incorporated into the Basic Payment to top-up sheep farmers’ payments.