Dairy Farming and Milk Production – 2014
17,000 Dairy farmers
Average herd size approx. 60 cows
Average production: 300,000 litres
Yield per cow approx : 5,000 litres
National dairy herd : 1.14 million cows
National milk production: 5.4 billion litres
Production is essentially grass-based, and therefore very seasonal, with peak/trough ratio of 7 to 1 (May versus January).